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Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the stomach lining.
Acute gastritis may be caused by:
Acute gastritis is often associated with a severe, acute illness or trauma. The following increase your risk of acute gastritis:
Tests that may be done to diagnose acute gastritis include:
Treatment depends on the cause of the gastritis. Antacids or other medications to decrease or neutralize stomach acid will usually relieve the symptoms and promote healing. Stop taking any medications that cause gastritis. Gastritis may progress to a gastric ulcer, requiring additional treatment.
Gastritis due to stress is best treated by prevention. Medications to decrease gastric acid production, such as proton pump inhibitors, should be considered for stressed hospital patients.
Most gastritis improves rapidly with treatment.
A potential complication is a severe loss of blood.
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if symptoms of gastritis persist longer than 2 or 3 days. Call your health care provider if you vomit blood or have bloody stools.
Controlling risk factors may help prevent this condition. For example, do not use or limit your use of NSAIDs and alcohol.
Kuipers EJ, Blaser MJ. Acid peptic disease: epidemiology and pathobiology. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 141.